Positive History of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Today, I am going to talk to you about the full positive history of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as it is known for short. If you never read yesterday post about mind chatter link is here.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an approach used by therapists to help influence a patient’s behaviours and emotions that are hidden.
The way they do this is very systematic. It has been used successfully to treat many disorders including eating disorders, substance abuse, anxiety and personality disorders.
It can be used in individual or group sessions and the approach can also be geared towards treating you in therapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a mixture of different therapy which is traditional behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy. They are combined into a treatment that is focused on symptom removal. The treatments can be measured so there evidence that treatment can clearly be judged from.
Studies now show that it is now used as the number one treatment technique for things like post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression and even bulimia.
When Did CBT Cognitive behavioral therapy begin?
I traced the history of CBT all the way back to 1879. Wilhelm Wundt was the father of experimental psychology who founded the first formal psychological research at the University of Leipzig in 1879.
Then Freud’s arrival in the United States, that psychoanalysis swept the field to the point that within only a few years. Over 95% of American psychiatrists had started taking some part of psychoanalytical training.
Cognitive behavioral therapy first really began to be used in real practice all over the world between 1960 and 1970. It was a gradual process of merging behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy techniques.
Behavioral therapy had been around since the 1920s, but cognitive behavioral therapy was not introduced until after 1960.
Almost immediately the benefits of combining it with behavioral therapy techniques were realized. Ivan Pavlov, with his dogs who salivated at the ringing of the dinner bell. Among the most famous of the cognitive behavioral therapy research pioneers. Other leaders in the field included John Watson and Clark Hull.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Findings!
Instead of concentrating on investigating the problem like Freud and the psychoanalysts, cognitive behavioural therapy focused on eradicating the symptoms.
The concept is that if you eliminate the symptoms, you have eradicated the problem. This more personal approach was seen as more efficient at getting to the obstacle at hand and helping patients to make development more promptly.
As a more advanced aggressive treatment, behavioral techniques dealt better with more progressive problems. The more transparent and clear cut the symptoms were, the clearer it was to target them and devise therapies to eliminate them.
Behavioral therapy was not as successful initially with more acute problems such as depression. This realm was better served with cognitive behavioral therapy techniques.
In many educational settings, the two therapy techniques were used side by side to analyse and compare the results. It was not long before the recognition of combining the two techniques became clear as a way of taking advantage of the strengths of each.
David Barlow’s work on panic disorder treatments provided the first tangible example of the benefit of the combined strategies.
So What is Cognitive behavioral Therapy?
Cognitive behavioral therapy is hard to define in a brief definition because it covers such a broad range of topics and techniques.
It is really an umbrella description for individual treatments that are individually tailored to the problems of a particular patient. So the problem delivers the specifics of the treatment, but there are some universal themes and techniques.
These involve having the patient keep a diary of important events and record the feelings and behaviours they had in connection with each event.
This tool is then used as a basis to examine and test the patient’s capacity to evaluate the situation and develop a suitable emotional response.
Invalidating emotions and behaviours are identified as well as the evaluations and ideas that lead to them. An effort is then made to counter these feelings and evaluations to show that the resulting actions are wrong.
Part of the therapy also includes educating the patient ways to divert themselves or change their focus from something that is agitating or a situation that is causing negative behaviour.
Changing your mind with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy!
They learn to focus on something else instead of the negative incentive, excluding the negative behaviour that it would lead to.
The problem is essentially nipped in the bud. For serious psychological disorders like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, mood supporting medications are usually prescribed to use in combination with these techniques.
The medications give the patient enough of a calming influence to give them the chance to examine the mental state and make a healthy choice before they could not even reflect for rational thought.
Negative behaviours are decreased and the patient is taught a better way to view and react to the situation.
Cognitive behavioral therapy has been effective for a variety of problems, but it is still a method, not a miracle cure. It takes time to educate patients to recognise situations and identify the triggers of their negative behaviours.
Once this step is mastered, it still takes a lot of discipline to overcome their first impulses and make the right choices. First, they learn what they should do, and then they must train until they can do it.